Special Needs Planning
When you have a sibling, parent or child with special needs, there are many things that can add stress to your life. Planning for their future does not have to be on the list. We can simplify the process to ensure they are well taken care of. Special needs planning is estate and financial planning for the beneficiary as well as ensuring they have the entitlement to needs-based public assistance programs if they qualify for any.
There can be many challenges of special needs planning, but there are ways to make the planning easier. Everyone should have a plan in place. There are longer life expectancies as well as greater expectations about quality of life. Unfortunately, there are many people who do not have the proper documentation in place, which leaves a lot of burden or even resentment among their siblings for future personal and/or financial responsibilities. Many times there are not enough family resources to pay for everything and the public benefits they currently qualify for may be inadequate, or even disappear with time. These are just some of the very important reasons to plan for their future so they are taken care of the way you would want them cared for.
There are many things to consider when planning for your future. Some of those things we can help you plan for are:
- Guardianship (person/property/plenary/limited)
- Guardian Advocate
- Durable Power of Attorney/Health Care Surrogate
- Disinherit/Provide for Third Parties
- Joint Ownership
Your Child 0-18 years of age
When your child is still a minor the parents are still in complete control of the care, support and legal authority. The child is usually not eligible for public assistance because of the low income/asset thresholds and parents’ resources countable and available to special needs child.
Your Child 18+
According to the Law, your child is now an “Adult”. The parents are no longer in control. The authority to make legal decisions on behalf of the child is gone unless preparations have been made (see below). If the parents’ resources end, the child now may be eligible for public assistance, depending on the program and the standards.
- Durable Power of Attorney
- Health Care Surrogate Designation
- Revocable Living Trust
- Testamentary Special Needs Trust
- Inter vivos Special Needs Trust, created and funded